Scotland's referendum for independence: a constitutional definition

On September the 18th 2014 a meaningful question will be asked to the Scottish citizens and all the residents in Scotland:”Should be Scotland an independent country?”.
This referendum, promoted as a manifesto by the Scottish National Party (the S.N.P., which won the latest Scottish parliamentary elections in 2011, with over the 45% of the votes. Result that led to the first SNP majority government in Scotland's history), under a constitutional point of view, will be just an advisory one.
In fact no legal body in Scotland, even if enforced with a resounding success at the polling stations, has the right to declare independence from the Sovereign State ruler over that part of the country: the United Kingdom.

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